c. 480-450 BCE
Greek temples were regularly enlivened with sculpture placed in the pediments, metopes, and friezes. Specific problems were involved in trying to fill these spaces - the triangle of the pediment, the square of the metope, an elongated rectangle of the frieze. The pediment presented peculiar problems. Its vertical height at the centre decreased to nothing in the corners. Moreover, any sculpture placed in the pediment would be seen at a great height above the spectators on the ground.
Temple of Olympian Zeus
© Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe