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Christopher L.C.E. Witcombe

Menkaure and His Queen

Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe


  • George A. Reisner,
    Mycerinus, the Temple of the Third Pyramid at Giza, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1931.

  • George A. Reisner
    A History of the Giza Necropolis, vol. I, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1955; vol. II, The Tomb of Hetep-heres the Mother of Cheops, completed and revised by William Stevenson Smith, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1955.

  • Ahmed Fakhry
    The Monuments of Sneferu at Dahshur, 2 vols., Cairo: General Organization for Government Printing Offices, 1959.

  • William Stevenson Smith
    "Evidence for the History of the Fourth Dynasty," Journal of Near Eastern Studies, 11, 1952, 113-122.

  • Edmund S. Meltzer
    "Queens, Goddesses and Other Women of Ancient Egypt," Journal of the American Oriental Society, 110, 1989, pp. 503-509.

  • Nancy Luomala
    ""Matrilineal Reinterpretation of Some Egyptian Sacred Cows," in Feminism and Art History: Questioning the Litany. Edited by Norma Broude and Mary D. Garrard, New York: Harper & Row, 1982, 19-31.

  • Lana Troy
    Patterns of Queenship in Ancient Egyptian Myth and History, Uppsala: University of Uppsala, 1986.

  • W. Woods
    "A Reconstruction of the Triads of King Mycerinus," Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 60, 1974, 82-93.

  • Diodorus of Sicily. Trans. C. H. Oldfather, Loeb Classical Library, vol. I (Books I and II), London and New York: 1933.

  • Herodotus. Translated by A. D. Godley, Loeb Classical Library, vol. I (Books I and II), London and Cambridge, Mass., rev. ed. 1981.

Menkaure and His Queen
2548-2530 BCE
4th Dynasty
Height: 4 feet 67/8 inches (139.5 cm)

(Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)

Copyright © (text only) 2000
Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe
All rights reserved


1. Discovery

2. Description

3. The Queen's Husband

4. Matriliny on Dynasty IV