- What is the "Renaissance"?
- Why did the "Renaissance" happen?
- What is "new" in art?
- How is it "new"?
- Why was it made? (why do works of art - paintings, sculptures, architecture - come into existence?)
- The shift from the Middle Ages to the Renaissance
- The shift from Early Renaissance to High Renaissance
- The shift from High Renaissance to Mannerism
Contemporary Written Sources
The Concept of the Renaissance
- The term Renaissance was first used to describe a specific period in history by Balzac in a novel in 1829. It subsequently gained currency in intellectual circles. In 1855, it was used by Jules Michelet for the title of his book La Renaissance, 1855, and in 1860 is was employed definitively by Jacob Burckhardt in his The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. It was also used by Ruskin, Stones of Venice in 1851, and by Trollope, Summer in Brittany, in 1840.